What is the Capital City of Djibouti?

Djibouti, located in the Horn of Africa, is a small but strategically significant country bordered by Eritrea, Ethiopia, and Somalia. Its capital city, also named Djibouti, serves as the political, economic, and cultural hub of the nation.

Djibouti: The Capital City

City Overview

According to COUNTRYAAH, Djibouti, the capital city of the Republic of Djibouti, is situated on the southern shore of the Gulf of Tadjoura, an arm of the Red Sea. The city is the country’s largest urban center and its primary port, playing a crucial role in the region’s maritime trade. Established by the French in 1888, Djibouti city has grown into a vibrant and diverse metropolis.

Map of Djibouti

City Facts

  • Area: 630 square kilometers
  • Population: Approximately 600,000 (as of 2023)
  • Time Zone: East Africa Time (EAT), UTC +3
  • Highest Point: Mousa Ali (located near the border but affects city surroundings), approximately 2,028 meters
  • Longest River: Djibouti has no major perennial rivers, but the Ambouli River is a notable seasonal river running through the city

Major Landmarks

Djibouti city is home to several significant landmarks that reflect its rich history and cultural diversity.

Place Menelik

Place Menelik is the central square of Djibouti city, named after Emperor Menelik II of Ethiopia. It serves as a social and commercial hub, surrounded by shops, cafes, and historical buildings. The square is a popular gathering place for locals and tourists alike.

Hamoudi Mosque

The Hamoudi Mosque, built in 1906, is one of the oldest and most prominent mosques in Djibouti. Located in the heart of the city, it features traditional Islamic architecture and is an important place of worship for the local Muslim community.

The Presidential Palace

The Presidential Palace of Djibouti is an impressive structure that serves as the official residence of the President. It is a symbol of the country’s governance and political stability, often hosting important state events and ceremonies.

Djibouti Port

Djibouti Port is one of the busiest and most strategically important ports in the region. It serves as a key gateway for maritime trade and logistics, connecting East Africa to global markets. The port’s modern facilities and strategic location make it a vital asset for the country.

Lagarde Fort

Lagarde Fort is a historical military fort located in the city. It offers a glimpse into Djibouti’s colonial past and provides panoramic views of the surrounding area. The fort is a popular tourist attraction and a significant historical site.

Climate Overview

Djibouti city experiences a hot desert climate, characterized by very high temperatures throughout the year and minimal rainfall. The city has two distinct seasons: a hot season from May to September and a cooler season from October to April.

Average Monthly Weather Data

Month Avg. Temperature (°C) Avg. Precipitation (mm) Avg. Sunny Days
January 26 10 28
February 27 10 25
March 28 15 26
April 31 15 26
May 33 5 28
June 37 0 30
July 39 0 30
August 38 0 30
September 36 0 29
October 33 5 28
November 30 10 26
December 27 10 27

Historical Capitals of Djibouti

Djibouti has not had other cities serving as capitals in its modern history, as it has been a relatively new country since gaining independence in 1977. The city of Djibouti has always been the primary administrative and political center since the colonial period.

Country Facts

Djibouti Overview

  • Population: Approximately 1 million (as of 2023)
  • Area: 23,200 square kilometers
  • Largest City: Djibouti
  • Currency: Djiboutian franc (DJF)
  • Official Languages: French and Arabic
  • ISO Country Codes: DJ, DJI, 262

Historical Overview

Djibouti’s history is marked by its strategic location at the crossroads of Africa and the Middle East. It has been a significant trading post and naval base throughout history. The region was influenced by various empires, including the Ottoman and French Empires. Djibouti gained independence from France on June 27, 1977, and has since developed as a sovereign nation with a unique cultural identity.

Political Structure

Djibouti is a presidential republic with a multi-party system. The President of Djibouti is the head of state and government, serving as the primary executive authority. The National Assembly is the legislative body, responsible for making laws and overseeing government functions.


Djibouti’s economy is largely based on its strategic location and port facilities. The country serves as a major transshipment and refueling center, with a significant portion of its GDP coming from port-related activities and services. The government has invested in infrastructure development, including the Doraleh Multipurpose Port and the Addis Ababa-Djibouti Railway, to enhance its economic prospects.


Djibouti is a culturally diverse country with influences from Arab, Somali, Afar, and French traditions. The country’s cultural heritage is reflected in its music, dance, cuisine, and traditional clothing. The nomadic lifestyle of the Afar and Somali people is an integral part of Djibouti’s cultural identity.


Tourism in Djibouti is growing, with visitors attracted to its unique landscapes, including salt lakes, volcanic formations, and coral reefs. Popular tourist destinations include Lake Assal, the lowest point in Africa, and the Day Forest National Park, known for its biodiversity and scenic beauty. The country also offers excellent opportunities for diving and snorkeling in the Red Sea.


Djibouti has a well-developed transportation network, with the Port of Djibouti serving as a critical hub for maritime trade. The Djibouti-Ambouli International Airport connects the country to international destinations. The Addis Ababa-Djibouti Railway is a major railway line linking Djibouti with Ethiopia, facilitating trade and passenger travel.


Djibouti places a strong emphasis on education, with efforts to improve literacy rates and educational infrastructure. The country has several primary and secondary schools, as well as higher education institutions, including the University of Djibouti. Education is provided in both French and Arabic, reflecting the country’s bilingual status.


The healthcare system in Djibouti is developing, with both public and private healthcare facilities available. The government is working to improve access to medical services and enhance the quality of healthcare. International organizations and NGOs play a significant role in supporting healthcare initiatives in the country.


Football (soccer) is the most popular sport in Djibouti, with a growing interest in athletics and basketball. The country has a national football team that competes in international competitions. Traditional sports, such as camel racing, also hold cultural significance.

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