Peru Archaeology
South America

Peru Archaeology

Excavation, exploration and study activity has been intense in recent years. According to 800zipcodes, JC Tello obtained fruitful results in a campaign conducted in 1933 in the Nepeña valley (coast of the Ancash department), discovering important remains in the pyramids of Puncuri and Cerro Blanco. Numerous Inca buildings in the Cuzco region brought to light […]

Peru Arts
South America

Peru Arts

Since the 1950s, the search for roots in pre-Hispanic culture has characterized the activity of many Peruvian artists. In the following decade, the first experiences of pop art appeared on the art scene (which had the support of industrial and financial groups) flanked by geometric and, in a more limited way, conceptual research. The foundations […]

Peru Climate
South America

Peru Climate

According to findjobdescriptions, scarce is the material that one possesses for the knowledge of the climate of Peru, being very few and very unevenly distributed the stations for which meteorological observations are made available for a conspicuous series of years. Five main climatic zones can be distinguished in bulk: the coastal region, the western slopes […]

Peru Transport
South America

Peru Communications and Transport

The orographic conditions greatly hinder the development of communication routes, and this has naturally had a negative impact on the economic and therefore demographic and political development of the country, and has ensured that the three parts that make it up have always remained somewhat alien to each other in their relationships. Ordinary roads are […]

Peru Continental Water
South America

Peru Continental Water

State of South America, which borders to N. with Ecuador and Colombia, to E. with Brazil (state of Amazonas and Acre territory) and Bolivia, to S. with Chile, and is wet to O. from the Pacific Ocean. Name. – The origin of the name Peru is uncertain, which was not known by the Indians, but […]

Peru Economy 1940
South America

Peru Economy 1940

Borders. – In January 1942 at the Pan-American Conference in Rio de Janeiro, the dispute between Peru and Ecuador for the possession of the Amazonian territories ended. Following this agreement, Peru purchased an area of ​​approximately 172,770 sq km, which, divided between the departments of Tumbes, Piura, Amazonas, Cajamarca, Loreto, has brought the total area […]

Peru Exploration and Borders
South America

Peru Exploration and Borders

Exploration. – In the long period of Spanish domination (for the discovery and conquest, see below) the missionaries and the Jesuits contributed to widening the knowledge of the country, but foreign travelers were systematically kept away, allowing only French scholars to penetrate the interior starting from 1700. We remember among them Frezier who in the […]

Peru Foreign Trade
South America

Peru Foreign Trade

Trade. – Internal trade is hampered by the difficulty of transport between one region and another. Coastal oases send tropical products to the Sierra and receive products from temperate zones: thus, for example, the departments of Huancavelica, Ayacucho, Ancash and Cajamarca supply cereals to Lima and the other centers of the coast; but the competition […]

Peru History - Organization of the Viceroyalty
South America

Peru History – Organization of the Viceroyalty

According to agooddir, the establishment of the new order started by La Gasca, which before leaving (but kept it hidden until his departure) with a reorganization of the repartimientos reduced in number and privileges, it was after short viceregal or presidential governments completed by the viceroy Andrés Hurtado de Mendoza, Marquis of Cañete (1556-1561), who […]

Peru History - The Hispanic Institutions and Society - Peruvian
South America

Peru History – The Hispanic Institutions and Society – Peruvian

The viceroyalty of Peru embraced most of Spanish South America in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. XVIII however it was gradually shrinking with the creation of the viceroyalty of New Granada (1739) and later (1778) of the viceroyalty of Buenos Aires, including also Upper Peru, and of the captaincy general of Santiago del Chile (1778). […]