Slovenia General Information
According to 800zipcodes, Slovenia is a country of amazing beauty! But at the same time, it is the smallest country in Europe, with an area equal to half of the Moscow region. It is located in the pre-alpine part of the Balkan Peninsula. It is located in the pre-alpine part of the Balkan Peninsula. Washed by the Ariatic Ocean. It borders with Croatia, Hungary, Austria and Italy.
The capital is the city of Ljubljana. 270,000 inhabitants live here.
Official language – Slovenian
20 thousand sq. km
2 million people
100 people per sq. km.
Unitary state, parliamentary republic. It is divided into 210 communities, 11 of which have the status of a city.
The landscape of Slovenia is so diverse that if you drive through Slovenia by car, you get the impression that you have passed through several countries. The majestic Alpine mountains and mighty peaks, smooth hills and plains, deep karst caves, gorges and wells, picturesque lakes and streams – all these natural treasures surprise with their indescribable beauty! 60% of the territory of Slovenia is covered with forest. No wonder it is called “the greenest corner of Europe”. The underground world of Slovenia is also surprisingly rich. Thousands of karst caves are located in the bowels of the Karst plateau. A large part of Slovenia is occupied by mountains and hills, especially in the north. From east to west stretch the Julian Alps with the highest point in Slovenia, Mount Triglav (2864 m), the Kamnik-Savinj Alps and the Karavanke Range. In the east of the country stretches the Pohorje mountain range with a height of about 1500 m.
The climate of Slovenia is divided into three types: in the mountains – alpine, in the central part – temperate continental, on the coast – Mediterranean. Winters are usually mild, in January about -2 degrees, summers are not hot, about 23-25 degrees. On the coast of the Adriatic Sea, it is usually 5-7 degrees warmer all year round. It’s a little cooler in the mountains. In lowlands, the amount of precipitation is not higher than 700 mm, in the mountains – up to 3000 mm.
The majority of the inhabitants are Catholics. The main church in Slovenia is the Church of Mary the Helper in Brezie. People with other religions also live in the country. Orthodox Christians are represented by people from Serbia who moved to Slovenia during the former Yugoslavia. Muslims are primarily people from Bosnia and Herzegovina.
By world standards, Slovenia is quite a young state; it gained independence in 1991. The roots of the Slovenes are the Slavs, who moved in the 6th century to the territory of today’s Slovenia from the Carpathians, in the 7th century they formed the Principality of Carantania – the first Slavic state. But it didn’t last long. Until the 20th century, foreigners ruled in Slovenia: first, the Habsburg monarchy ruled for a long time, later Austria-Hungary. During this period of oppression and repression, the Slovenes did not break down, but rather strengthened their self-consciousness and assimilated. After the First World War, Slovenia became part of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, and after the Second World War, the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. After 70 years, the Slovenes wanted to switch to an independent path of development. In 1990, a referendum was held in which Slovenia was proclaimed independent. 90% of the population voted for it. In 2004, Slovenia joined the European Union and became a member of NATO. There have never been military operations in Slovenia, it has always been calm and stable here. The military conflict in the Balkans did not affect Slovenia in any way.
Farming in Slovenia is well developed and is not inferior to other European countries in terms of level. 37% of the land is in agriculture. And about 10% of the working population is engaged in farming. They grow wheat, grain, sugar beets, potatoes, hops, grapes, cattle, sheep. The state actively supports farmers, which creates a favorable environment in the agricultural market. Slovenia is fully self-sufficient in agricultural products and even exports to other countries. Especially foreign trade intensified after Slovenia’s accession to the European Union.
Slovenia has a good level of industrial activity. The ferrous and non-ferrous metallurgy, manufacturing industry, and the automotive industry are developed: the Revoz automobile plant, which produces Renault Clio, and the UNIOR plant, which manufactures auto parts and exports its products for the German automotive industry. In addition, Slovenia produces electrical equipment, machine tools, refrigerators and agricultural machinery, exports audio and video equipment. Developed merchant shipping.
In recent years, tourism in Slovenia has been developing rapidly. Although Slovenia is one of the smallest countries in Europe, its nature is so interesting and diverse that it makes it one of the most popular areas of the Balkan Peninsula. The tourism sector accounts for about 10% of GDP.
Slovenia is a very welcoming country with a surprisingly friendly atmosphere. Slovenia is the perfect place for a leisurely holiday on the Adriatic coast or for a fresh adrenaline rush. A true paradise for outdoor enthusiasts. The possibilities are endless both in winter and summer: rafting on the Soča River, ice skating on Lake Bled, many ski resorts, climbing ice waterfalls, the Triglav National Park with its beautiful flora and fauna, the warm waters of the Adriatic – all this will allow you to choose any kind rest according to your taste.