Singapore Overview

Singapore Overview

According to best-medical-schools, Singapore is a city-state. It has an estimated population of 3,438,600. The city is located at 01°18′ North latitude and 10°50′ East longitude.

History

The Greek geographer Ptolemy (150 AD) showed a commercial port called Sabana on his map. In 250 AD. Also, a Chinese Wei record mentions an island called Pu Luo Chong in the same place. In 680 AD. The monastic island became the center of the kingdom of Srivijaya. From 1300 AD. Before there was a village called Temasik. According to one tradition, a Sriwijaya duke named Sang Nila Utama built a city on the island of Temasik, then named Singapura (” Lion City”).

In 1400 AD. When the kingdom of Srivijaya was weakened, its neighbors Majapahit and Siam fought against it. However, Singapore became the center of the Sultanate of Malacca, which followed Sriwijaya. In the 16th century AD. In 1605 AD, this sultanate was divided with Portugal. The Portuguese burned Singapore.

The existing city disappeared and was ruled by the Portuguese. Before long, Dutch traders ruled the area. The island of Singapore itself was officially under the jurisdiction of the Sultanate of Johor. In 1811 _ English governor Stamford Raffles thought to oppose the supremacy of Dutch traders. The Sultan of Johor supported his brother for the sultanate and got permission to establish a new city on the island. It quickly grew into a British colonial and commercial center. In 1815 _ Johor sold the island to the British government. Most of the people who settled in Singapore were Chinese.

From 1934 to 1937. During the Second World War, the Japanese forces occupied Singapore unjustly; At that time, the name of the city was Shonanto. After the war, Singapore in 1950. He got self-governing status from England. In 1956 _ But with his free will, Singapore became part of the new Federation of Malaysia. This situation lasted until 1957. He stayed until Because the partnership was not conducive to security, Malaysia expelled Singapore from the federation and became the present-day Republic of Singapore.

Languages ​

There are 4 official languages ​​in Singapore. They are Malay, English, Chinese ( Putonghua ) and Tamil. Malay is the national language.

Law

Singapore has very strict anti-scam laws, so it’s easy to accept scammers. Singapore’s laws are strict; Severe penalties are given. Do not flush with water after using the toilet. Spitting in public will result in fines. Guns and pocket knives are banned, even chewing gum is illegal. The Singapore government only allows certain movies, often banning them on religious, racial, or other grounds.

Culture

Singapore’s delicious curry includes a wide variety of seafood such as oysters and calamari ( squid). In Indian settlements, vegetable buffets are served spread on banana leaves.

Many festivals are celebrated in Singapore. On the day of the festival called Thaipusam, some people do body piercings. Buddhist, Islamic, Christian, and Indian religious festivals are all celebrated in Singapore.

There are many classical music lovers in Singapore. This is evidenced by the statue in memory of the composer Chopin in the area of ​​the public baths

Sports

Most and most popular sports played in Singapore originated in the United Kingdom and settled in Singapore during the British colonial period. The development of private sports and leisure clubs began in colonial Singapore during the 19th century. Some of the clubs founded during this period include the Cricket Club, the Singapore Leisure Club, the Singapore Swimming Club and the Dutch Club.

Water sports are among the most popular in Singapore. At the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro, Joseph Schooling claimed Singapore’s first gold medal, winning the 100m butterfly in a new Olympic record of 50.39 seconds. Singapore has also been successful in the event of sailing at an international level, and their Optimist team is considered one of the most successful worldwide. Despite its small size, the country dominates swimming events at the Southeast Asian Games. His water polo team won its 27th gold medal at the 2017 Southeast Asian Games, continuing Singapore’s longest winning streak in sports. Singapore hosted the first Youth Olympic Games in 2010, in which 3,600 athletes from 204 nations participated in 26 sports. The island is home to the ONE Championship, the largest MMA tournament in Asia. Singapore’s women’s table tennis team walked away with the silver medal at the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing. They became world champions in 2010, when they defeated the People’s Republic of China at the World Table Tennis Championship in Russia, thus ending the Chinese winning streak of 19 years. Weightlifter Tan Howe Liang was Singapore’s first Olympic medalist, having won a silver medal at the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome.

Singapore’s football league, the Singapore Premier League, was founded in 1996 as the S.League and consists of nine clubs, including two foreign teams. The Singapore Slingers, formerly the Hunter Pirates in the Australian National Basketball League, are one of the original teams in the ASEAN Basketball League which was established in October 2009. Kranji Racecourse is run by the Singapore Turf Club and hosts several meetings each week, including international races — including the Singapore Airlines International Cup.

Since 2008, Singapore has hosted a Formula One race, the Singapore Grand Prix at the Marina Bay Street Raceway. It was the first F1 night race, and the first F1 street race in Asia. Since then it has formed an important part of the F1 calendar.

Rugby was brought to the British colony of Singapore in the late 19th century. This sport has had a steady presence since the beginning of the 20th century, when the Malay Cup between Singapore and Malaysia began to be played, one of the oldest rugby tournaments in the world. Singapore hosts an annual rugby sevens tournament, the Singapore Sevens, at the National Stadium.

Cricket like most other sports was brought to Singapore during the British colonial period. The Singapore national cricket team is currently one of Asia’s strongest teams outside of the International Cricket Council ‘s One Day International countries and they were ranked 20th in the ICC T20I World Rankings in March 2020, their best ever.

Singapore Overview

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