Between Lake Maracaibo, the mountain ranges of the Cordillera de Merida and the Coastal Andes and the Caribbean coast in the north-west of Venezuela, there are three more interesting states in terms of tourism: Lara (Lara), Falcon (Falcon) and Yaracuy (Yaracuy).
The capital of the state of Lara is the city of Barquisimeto . Today, Barquisimeto is the fourth largest settlement in Venezuela and a major agricultural center, which is surrounded by fertile valleys with coffee plantations, fields of sugar beets, potatoes and other agricultural crops. Southwest of Barquisimeto stretches the Quibor Valley, famous for its traditional crafts, and northwest Barquisimeto is interesting town Carora (Carora), known for its colonial architecture. Barquisimeto is surrounded by 5 national parks. To the south of the city are the Yacambu National Park, El Guache National Park, Terepaima National Park and Tirgua General Manuel Manrique National Park, and to the north is the Cerro Saroche National Park). Yaracuy State is where the Andes Coast and the Cordillera de Mérida meet. The state capital is San Felipe. In the vicinity of San Felipe is located
According to Allpubliclibraries.com, Exotic Plants Park is one of the most beautiful and extensive parks in the country. The park contains about 250 species of tropical plants from different regions of the world. In addition to the abundance of plants, the landscape design of the park, made with the participation of the French architect Toze, is truly amazing. North of San Felipe, on an area of 23,670 hectares in the Andes Coastal, is the Yarubi National Park. Here you can see many orchids and humid “foggy” forests, which are home to ocelots, tapirs and possums and more than 60 species of birds.
From the northern borders of the states of Lara and Yaracuy, the state of Falcon extends all the way to the Caribbean coast. One of the main attractions of the state is located in the eastern part of the state on the Caribbean coast. MorrocoyMarine National park. The park covers an area of 32,090 hectares, covering part of the eastern coast of the state between the cities of Chichiriviche (Chichiriviche) and Tucacas (Tucacas) and part of the Gulf of Triste (Golfo Triste), where there are about 35 small coral islands. It is protected by picturesque beaches surrounded by coconut trees, mangroves and coral reefs. Adjacent to the park is the Cuare Wildlife Sanctuary, one of the largest bird sanctuaries in the world. In general, about 80% of Venezuelan waterfowl live in the national park and reserve.and almost 70% of the migratory birds recorded in the country are herons, flamingos, red ibises, boobies, pelicans, cormorants, hawks, hummingbirds and many others. In the park you can go water skiing, snorkeling, diving (and the calm waters of this part of the Caribbean Sea are suitable even for unprepared divers), surfing, kayaking or boating. Among other things, the white beaches of the coral islands are a great place to relax: here you can sunbathe and swim all day long.
The capital of the state of Falcon is Coro. (Coro). It is located in its northern part on a sandy plain at the base of the narrow isthmus of Medanos, which passes into the Paraguana Peninsula. The old part of the city is considered one of the best preserved examples of colonial architecture in the country. Here, along the cobbled streets, there are buildings of the 18th and 19th centuries, in the architecture of which Spanish and German styles are intertwined. Among all the buildings of the Old City, the Cathedral stands out – the oldest and one of the most famous cathedrals in Venezuela. But the surroundings of Koro are of the greatest interest. At the northeastern borders of the city of Coro stretches a series of dunes of Los Medanos de Coro National Park (Los Medanos de Coro National park). This is the only desert landscape in the country. The local dunes reach a height of 40 m and move under the influence of the wind. Further north stretches the country’s largest peninsula, the Paraguana Peninsula. The desert peninsula is covered with shrubs and cacti, and in the middle of it grow the so-called “Santa Anna Hills” (El Cerro Santa Ana) – small mountains covered with forests, from the top of which you can see the Caribbean coast and islands.
There are also many attractions in the east of Venezuela: the beaches of the Caribbean Sea, Margarita Island, the Orinoco Delta and the Guiana Highlands with numerous national parks.
Great opportunities for hiking are in the National Park of Avila (El Avila National Park), located north of Caracas on the slopes of one of the Andean Coastal ranges, and in the Sierra Nevada National Park, stretching on the slopes of the Sierra Nevada mountains de Merida in the western part of the country. There are about 200 km of hiking trails in the Avila National Park. Hiking tours are offered here lasting from several hours (sightseeing tours) to two days (ascents to the highest point of the Avila ridge – Naiguata (2765 m)). Sierra Nevada National Park is one of the best places in Venezuela for hiking and mountaineering. Here, on an area of 276.5 thousand hectares, there are 6 highest peaks of the country (Bolivar (5007 m), Humboldt (4942 m), La Concha (4922 m), Bonpland (4883 m), Espejo (4880 m) and El Leon (4740 m)), whose peaks are covered with snow, deep gorges, sheer cliffs, mountain lakes and rivers, wet forests, meadows. Ascents to the peaks of Bolivar and Humboldt take from 4 to 6 days.
Climbing the highest point of the Guiana Highlands – Mount Roraima (2810 m) is interesting. It is located in the eastern part of the Canaima National Park at the junction of the borders of Venezuela, Brazil and Guyana. Roraima is considered to be the “lost world” that Conan Doyle described in his book, and the Indians consider this place to be the “center of the Earth.” You can get to the top of the mountain only on your own. Most tours last about 6 days (2.5 days up, 1.5 days summit and 2 days descent). Climbing is mandatory with a guide, and porters are also offered for the choice of tourists, who will carry all the necessary things throughout the tour.
City of Merida (Merida) is considered one of the best paragliding destinations in the world. It is located in a mountain valley: from the west, north and east it is surrounded by mountains, and from the south it is open to air currents. Streams throughout the day “glide” up the mountain slopes, creating ideal conditions for paragliding. There are several launch sites in the vicinity of Merida, the best is the Tierra Negra site, located at an altitude of 900 m, about an hour south of Merida. You can do paragliding here, both alone and with an instructor.
Margarita Island (Isla de Margarita) since 1973 has the status of a free trade zone. In local shops you can buy clothes of famous brands, alcohol and other products at relatively low prices. This fact annually attracts many vacationers who want to combine a beach holiday with shopping. The main shopping areas of the island are in the city of Porlamar (these are Gomez and Guevara boulevards and avenues of Santiago Marino and May 4th) and in the city of Juan Griego (La Marina street).