Georgia Overview

According to ehotelat, Georgia is a very attractive state in the USA, which in addition to the capital Atlanta has many other places of interest to offer. Anyone who appreciates nature and mountains can hike or climb in the Blue Ridge Mountains. But not only passionate mountaineers will find vacation options in Georgia. Those who prefer the sea ​​and the coast will also get their money’s worth in Georgia, because the state is located directly on the sea and has numerous beautiful coastal areas.

The larger cities in Georgia in particular are always worth a visit, here you can shop to your heart’s content and discover many interesting sights. A vacation in Georgia means that you have to be prepared for a multitude of different facets and impressions. The contrast between mountains and sea alone is very interesting. But also the fact that in Georgia you encounter vast plains and nature, but after a few miles you come back to large cities, is appealing.
What should definitely be seen when traveling in Georgia are the state’s three National Monuments.

Georgia – key data

Land area: 153,909 sq km (ranked 24th of all US states)

Share of water surface: 2.6%

Population: 9.69 million (2008 estimate, ranked 9th of all states in the United States)

Population density: 63 people per square kilometer (18th place of all states in the USA)

Member of the United States since: January 2, 1788

Capital: Atlanta (519,145 residents, 2007, metropolitan area 5.38 million residents)

Largest city: Atlanta

Highest point: 1,458 m, Brasstown Bald

Lowest point: 0 m, Atlantic Ocean

Governor: Sonny Perdue (Republican)

Lieut. Governor: Casey Cagle (Republican)

Local time: CET -6 h. From the second Sunday in March to the first Sunday in November: CET -5 h.
The time difference to Central Europe is -6 h in both winter and summer.

Postal abbreviation: GA

Georgia geography and map

Georgia is located in the southeastern United States of America, belongs to the southern states and is the largest state east of the Mississippi. The capital and largest city of the state is Atlanta.

Georgia is also known as Peach State and covers a total of 153,909 square kilometers. The north-south extension is 480 kilometers and the east-west extension 370 kilometers. The national territory is on average 180 meters above sea level. The highest point is the 1,458-meter-high Brasstown Bald. The lowest point is on the Atlantic Ocean at sea level.
Georgia borders the states of Tennessee and North Carolina to the north. In the east Georgia meets the Atlantic Ocean – the coastline is about 160 kilometers – and South Carolina. The border with South Carolina is primarily formed by the Savannah River, which is 560 kilometers long. The southern neighbor is Florida. To the west, Georgia is bounded by Alabama.

Geographically, Georgia can be divided into four regions. The north-west is made up of long, wooded ranges of hills and fertile valleys, the so-called ridge-and-valley region, embossed. In the extreme northeast are the Blue Ridge Mountains. The mountain range is part of the Appalachian Mountains. The Blue Ridge Parkway leads through large parts of the mountain range, along the mountain ridges. The Blue Ridge Mountains also include the highest point in Georgia, Brasstown Bald.
Central Georgia is dominated by the rolling hills of the Piedmont Plateau. The plateau extends from north to south of New Jerseyto Alabama and covers a total of around 207,000 square kilometers. Physiographically closely related to the Appalachians, the Piedmont can be divided into a highland region, the Piedmont Highlands, and a lowland region, the Piedmont Lowlands. The soils of the plateau are loamy and only partially fertile.

The Atlantic coastal plain takes up most of Georgia. It stretches from the mouth of the Hudson River to the Mississippi Delta and the plain of the Gulf of Mexico. While it is very narrow and rich in bays in the north, it widens towards the south and becomes increasingly swampy. In the west, the Atlantic coastal plain is bounded by the Appalachian Mountains and the Piedmont. 13 islands
are lined up along the Georgian coastline, also known as the Golden Isles – The Golden Isles. The largest of them, Cumberland Island, measures just under 150 square kilometers while the smallest, Jekyll Island, covers an area of ​​just 23 square kilometers.

Georgio offers its visitors three national monuments : Fort Frederica (built at the beginning of the 18th century), Fort Pulaski (built in the 19th century to defend the coast of the United States) and the Ocmulgee National Monument, an archaeological site and memorial. There you can see earthworks from the period between 950 and 1150.

Georgia Overview