Connecticut Geography

Connecticut Geography

Long island sound

Connecticut is bordered by Long Island Sound to the south, New York to the west, Massachusetts to the north, and Rhode Island to the east. The state capital is Hartford, and other major cities (by population) are Bridgeport, New Haven, Stamford, Waterbury, Norwalk, Danbury, New Britain, and Bristol. There are 169 incorporated municipalities in Connecticut.

Bear Mountain

According to agooddir, Connecticut’s highest peak is Bear Mountain in Salisbury in the far northwestern corner of the state. The highest point is east of where Connecticut, Massachusetts and New York meet (42 ° 3 ‘N, 73 ° 29’ W), on the southern slope of Mount Frissell, whose peak is near Massachusetts.

The Connecticut River runs through the center of the state, flows into Long Island Sound and has nearly a thousand lakes; the vast majority of these lakes were formed through ancient melting glaciers thousands of years ago. Forests cover more than 60% of the state.

The most populous metropolitan region in the state is the Corridor of Knowledge, which is located in the Connecticut River Valley. Despite Connecticut’s relatively small size, it has wide regional variations in its landscape, for example, the hills in the northwest of Litchfield, which has gentle mountains and horse farms, while in the southeast, New London County, has beaches. and maritime activities.

Despite the fact that Connecticut has a long maritime history, and a reputation for one based on that history, Connecticut does not have direct access to the sea. New York’s jurisdiction actually extends east of Fishers Island, where New York shares a maritime border with Rhode Island dividing Narragansett Bay. Although Connecticut has easy access to the Atlantic, between the Long Island Sound and the Block Island Sound, Connecticut has no direct ocean shoreline.



The interstates in the state are I-95 (Connecticut’s Turnpike) running from southwest to northeast along the coast, I-84 running southwest to northeast, in the center of the state, I-91 which runs north-south in the center of the state and I-395 north-south near the eastern border of the state. Connecticut’s major highways are the Merritt Parkway and Wilbur Cross Parkway, which together form State Route 15, which runs from the Hutchinson River Parkway in New York State parallel to I-95 before moving north from New Haven and running parallel to I-91 eventually becoming a road surface in Berlin, Connecticut. Route 15 and I-95 were originally toll roads, and they switched to a toll system in which all traffic stops and pays fixed tolls. A series of terrible accidents in these first places eventually contributed to the decision to eliminate tolls in 1988. Other major arteries in the state include Route 7 to the west parallel to the New York border, State Route 8 to the east, near the industrial city of Waterbury, and north to south along the River Valley. Naugatuck nearly parallels US 7 and State Route 9 to the east.

Between New Haven and New York City, I-95 is one of the most congested highways in the United States. Many people travel very long distances to work in the New York area. The state has promoted traffic reduction plans, including the use of the railroad and car sharing.

Connecticut also has a very active cycling community, with one of the highest percentages of biking and use in the United States. The New Haven cycling community, organized into a local support group called ElmCityCycling, is particularly active. According to the 2006 Census of the American Community Survey, New Haven has the highest percentage of commuters who bike to work from major metropolitan centers on the East Coast.

Public transport


Southwest Connecticut is served by the New Haven Metro-North MTA rail line, providing commuted service to New York and New Haven, with service branches in New Canaan, Danbury, and Waterbury. Connecticut is located along the Amtrak Northeast Corridor which offers Noreast Regional and Acela Express services. Between the cities of New Haven and New London are also served by the Shore Line East commuter line. Amtrak also operates a shuttle service between New Haven and Springfield, serving Massachusetts, Hartford, and other cities in the corridor.


Statewide bus service is provided by Connecticut Transit, owned by the Connecticut Department of Transportation, and municipal authorities to a lesser extent, providing local service. Bus networks are an important part of the transportation system in Connecticut, especially in urban areas such as Hartford, Stamford, Norwalk, Bridgeport, and New Haven. A three-year construction project to build a BRT busway from New Britain to Hartford began in August 2009.


Bradley International Airport is located in Windsor Locks, 15 miles (24 km) north of Hartford. Regional air transportation services are provided at Tweed New Haven Regional Airport. Large civil airports include Danbury Municipal Airport and Waterbury-Oxford Airport in western Connecticut. Sikorsky Memorial Airport is located in Stratford and provides mostly cargo, helicopter and private aviation services. The Westchester County Airport in Harrison, New York serves a lot in southwestern Connecticut.

Connecticut Geography

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