議論文寫作樣例:學生/俱樂部/運動之類的校內活動

Some students participate in school activities such as clubs and sports. Other students do not take part in such activities because they spend more time on their studies. Tell why you think the two groups of students spend their time differently. Which type of student do you prefer to be? Explain why?

試題分析:

壹,條件: 學生/俱樂部/運動之類的校內活動/有些學生參加這類活動/有些學生因花在學習上的時間較多而不參加這類活動.

二,要求: 解釋這兩種學生在使用時間方面不相同的原因,並說明妳選擇成為哪種學生及理由

三,寫作分析: 本題為學生話題,人人皆有話可說,難度在於分析兩種學生的心理因素.人的行為受多種因素制約,當我們討論某種類型的群體行為時,應註意同壹行為背後的不同制約因素.就學生的活動而言,思想起作用,性格也起作用,人與人之間各不相同,應在分析中指出.自己的選擇和理由可以以分析為基礎.

There are always two kinds of students: those who take an active part in school activities such as clubs, sports, and parties and those who shun school activities and spend more time on their studies.

The reason why they behave so can be broadly classified into two types: subconscious and conscious. The subconscious reason is related to personality. Some students are active because of their sociable personality while those with a lonely personality feel more comfortable when they are on their own. The conscious type is complex and consists of a number of heterogeneous reasons, all of which are related to conscious choices. Some students choose to take an active part in school activities because they want to get more experiences, make more friends,train themselves physically, relax themselves mentally or simply enjoy themselves. Other students spend more time studying because they think their study is more important than everything else or because they have difficulties in their study and have to cut out all nonacademic activities.

As a student myself, I\’m always of the view that we should make full use of our precious time and try our best to study well. At the same time, we should arrange our time reasonably so that we can get some physical exercise, relax ourselves from time to time, gain some new experiences,and have some social contacts. These may take us some time but they can also benefit our study. The key point is that we should appropriately handle the relationship between our studies and school activities. Though personality plays a role in our way of behaviour, it is not something that decides everything. As human beings, we can adopt a sound policy of life and adapt ourselves to our surroundings.

範文分析

全文分三段,首段敘述試題所給條件,並對條件略加改變和潤色,但不給觀點.第二段解釋兩類學生在使用時間方面不壹致的原因,首先把原因分成潛意識和有意識兩種,然後分別說明.潛意識與性格有關,有意識的原因則很復雜,原因不壹,行為表現都相同.最後壹段談自己,說明自己應珍惜時間,努力學習,但也應安排好時間,註意鍛煉身體和休息,也應有壹定的社會交往.為與第二段的分析相配合,文章結尾時指出人有適應性,性格也可以改變,以表示自己當個好學生的決心