說明文寫作樣例二  

第二題

VEHICLES CROSSING THE HUDSON BRIDGE

PASSENGER CARS

TRUCKS

TOTAL

SUNDAY

2000

500

2500

MONDAY

2000

1500

3500

TUESDAY

1500

2000

3500

WEDNESDAY

1500

1000

2500

THURSDAY

1500

1500

3000

FRIDAY

2000

1000

3000

SATURAY

1500

500

2000

寫作分析:

本題內容有限, 易寫短文. 分析的線索有兩種: 壹周七天和車型. 從圖表中可以看到周末過橋的卡車數量較小, 具體原因可以分析. 寫作時可先將每天過橋的車輛情況按圖表敘述以下, 然後分析數量的變化規律及其原因. 另壹種方法是將重點放在分析上.

The chart shows the traffic situation on the Hudson Bridge from Monday to Sunday during a week. Specifically, it shows the numbeers of passenger cars and trucks crossing the bridge each day of the week.

The number of vehicles crossing the bridge varies from day to day, but with some discernable regularity. On Sunday, Monday, and Friday, the numbers of passenger cars are the same–2000 for each; while Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday and Saturday share the same number—1500 passenger cars. The situation with trucks is diffferent. There are only 500 ttrucks crossing the bridge on Sunday and Saturday and 1000 trucks on Wednesday and Friday, but the number increased to 1500 on Monday and Thursday and 2000 on Tuesday.

The differences and similarities between the numbers of vehicles crossing the bridge on the seven days of a week seem to be related to the activities on weekdays and weekends. There are only 500 trucks on Sunday and Saturday because of the reduced commercial and productive ativities on weekends. But because of weekends, the number of passenger cars increases. Many people leave on Friday for weekends and come back for work on Mondays. It also can be seen that during weekends, people have more activities on Sundays than on Saturdays. The general situation indicated by the chart is that the traffic on the bridge is heavier on wekdays and the heaviest on Monday and Tuesdays.