議論文寫作樣例:圖表分析

第十八題

comparative ratings of four brands of bread

Quality of Taste Nutritional Rating Cost per Pound
Brand A **** **** $0.86
Brand B *** *** 0.79
Brand C ** **** 0.41
Brand D ***** ** 0.40
Excellent Very Good Good Fare Poor
***** **** *** ** *

You have been asked to recommend a particular brand of bread for use in elementary schools in a small city. Which of the four brands of bread described in the chart would you recommend? Support your choice with information from the chart above.

試題分析

壹 條件: 壹張表/四種面包/口味,營養和價格三項評估結果/表示五個評估等級的圖例/小城市的小學

二 要求: 從表中的四種面包中為該市的小學推薦壹種,根據表中的信息說明理由.

三 寫作分析: 本題不是只傳達表中信息, 而是根據表中信息談自己的意見,因此,應寫成議論文.寫作時,應考慮面包食用者和面包價格,營養,口味等因素.確定時可能會有壹定困難,因為四種面包各有優缺點,應根據食用者和自己的意見確定壹種,然後說明自己的決定為最佳選擇.寫時不必將表中的信息壹壹敘述,而應為自己的寫作目的服務,有所選擇.

To reecommend a bread from the four brands, we have to consider all the factors involved. If only the four factors in the chart are to be considered, it is not difficult to come to the conclusion that I should recommend Brand A. The reasons are as follows.

First of all, whoever is asked to recommend some food has to consider the characteristics of the users. In this case, the users will be mostly school children who need nutrition. So we must put emphasis on the nutritional ratings of the four brands of bread. Furthermore, we must be aware of the fact that children are not as rational as adults. They will not like a particular food simply because it is nutritious. Usually they choose food according to taste. Therefore we also have to consider the rating of taste of the food we are to recommend.

Nutritiously, the rating of Brand A is the same as Brand C, but higher than Brand B and Brand D. So the choice will be between A and C. But Brand C should be excluded because it is rated the lowest in the quality of taste. In terms of taste, Brand A is better than both Brands B and C, but not as good as Brand D, which is rated \”Excellent\”. But, Brand D must be excluded because its nutritional rating is the lowest. So Brand A should be recommended when both nutrition and taste have to be ery good.

The remaining factor to be considered is whether the price of Brand A is good or not. it appears that this is a drawback because its pricee is the highest of the four, but I don\’t think it is a problem.No matter who is going to pay for the bread, the cost will not be much. First of all, children do not eat a lot of bread. Secondly, parents are usually willing to pay any price for the benefit of their children. Thirdly, if it is the schools that are going to pay for the bread, they are unlikely to sacrifice quality or taste for a small sum of money unless they have fiancial diffficulties. It is possible that the standard of living in the small city is so low that the parents nor the schools can aford the most expensive bread. But this is only speculation. Unless the conditions of the city prove to be very poor, I think I should recommend Brand A.

範文寫法說明:

文章在總體上采用演繹法,但在第二,三段中用了歸納法.全文的主題觀點在第壹段表明,然後全部圍繞主題具體說明選擇的正確性.

第壹段: 提出自己的推薦

第二段: 面包食用者需要營養與口味都好

第三段: A 面包符合要求

第四段: 有關面包價格的考慮