議論文寫作樣例:兩種書籍的作用與影響

第十七題

Read and think about the following statement:

Fiction(such as novels and short stories) can teach us more about life than textbooks can.

Do you agree or disagree with this statement? Use specific reasons to support your answer.

試題分析

壹 條件: 壹句話表達壹個觀點/該觀點有關虛構作品與教科書對我們的教益/教益是在生活方面/具體觀點是:虛構作品比教科書的作用大/虛構作品指小說和短片故事之類

二 要求: 對此觀點是否同意,用具體的理由支持自己的觀點

三 寫作分析: 主義題目中的比較是有關生活,應就生活而言,談兩種書籍的作用與影響. 就生活而言,題中的觀點是正確的,因為小說與故事中的內容與生活的關系很密切,沒有生活就沒有創作.這條思路可以連續下去,找出幾條理由,只要能說明問題即可.

I agree with this statement because the comparison between fiction and textbooks concerns what they can teach us about life, not about something academic and abstract. It is an obvious fact that fiction cantains much more life than textbook. In a novel for instance, there are different characters portrayed in some definite settings of time and place. When we read the novel, we follow the characters into a fictious world in which there is everything that people can find in the real world. The result is that we can experience all that the characters do and we enjoy the advantage of having an omniscent view, able to see many things that we cannot in the real world.

In contrast, most textbooks teach us knowledge in various special fields, knowledge that is abstract and academic. Some textbooks do teach us some truths about life, but they are only guidelines that we may not able to appreciate. Like fiction, a few textbooks of language and literature can teach us something about life, but they contain only some chapters or exerpts and thus are short and incomplete. In short, textbooks teach us far less about life than fictious works because of their limitations in both content and quantity.

The other reason why fiction can teach us more about life is that we read much more fiction than textbooks. Because fictious works are usually intresting, wee read them whenever we have time to spare or get bored with our studies; and we often get so absorbed that we do not want to stop until the end. In contrast, textbooks are normally dull and we get tired of reading easily. As a result, we ead much more of fiction and learn much more rom it about life than from textbooks.

範文寫法說明

文章采用簡單的演繹法,首先表明觀點,然後談了三點理由,以數量與內容兩條線貫穿全文.

第壹段: 表明觀點,先談文學作品的內容

第二段: 教科書中的內容

第三段: 從閱讀性與趣味性兩方面談文學作品的影響.