議論文寫作樣例:人的欲望問題

第十六題

Read and think about the following statements:

People are never satisfied with what they have. They always want something more or something different.

Do you agree or disagree? Use reasons to support your answer.

試題分析

壹 條件: 兩句話表明壹個觀點/人們對已有的從不滿足/人們總想獲得更多或不同的東西

二 要求: 對此觀點,妳是否同意? 說明為什麽.

三 寫作分析: 此題涉及人的欲望問題,也就是普遍的人性問題.根據我們作為常人的感覺,體重的觀點是正確的,應表示同意,同時也可加以分析,區別不同的人. 人的欲望可廣泛理解,金錢物質是壹方面,其他還有求知欲,對美的追求等.寫時應從具體的例子著手,多舉幾個例子說明自己的觀點,以便使人信服. 這種文章難以將人性問題說清楚,只能為寫文章而寫文章,使文章組織合理,言之有理即可.

I think the statement is true. It is human nature to seek more and to want something different. There are many instances in our daily life that can verify this.

We can take huamn\’s basic need for food as an example. When a man is starving, his greatest desire is to have something to eat, anything that is edible. After this basic desire is satisfied and when he no longer worries about his next meal, he will feel that his food lacks quality. After this problem of quality is solved, he will complain that his meal lacks variety of taste. He wants better and better meals that keep changing and his desire can never be satisfied.

Other huamn desires follow the same pattern. We do not wnat to ware the same clothes all the time and we want better and better cars. Soon after we have bought a color TV set to replace the quite new black and white one, we wish to have a bigger and better color TV set. Of course not all human beings are the same, but we reveal these insatiable desires in differrent ways. For instance, some people try to climb up socially or politically all the time. They never feel satisfied even though others feel that they have succeeded. It is just like man\’s desire for money, which can never stop.

Good or bad, this human nature has been the impetus to the development of huamn society. Markets have flourished because we want more and better goods. The development of science and technology has never stopped because of our desire to discover more nd more. And social and political organizations have been improved constantly owing to our endless demand for a better place to live in. If man has been easily satisfied, the human society would still be at primitive stage.

範文寫法說明:

文章開門見山,直接擺出觀點,然後為其辯護,沒有采用復雜的分析法.通篇只有壹條道理:欲望無止境,此乃人性.為說明人性生來如此,文章從具體的吃,穿入手,舉例充分說明,以使人信服.各段之間的過渡,用邏輯關系和有關詞句解決,總的寫法屬於演繹法.

第壹段: 同意題中觀點,指出人性所定

第二段; 舉食欲壹例說明

第三段: 泛舉其他欲望為例

第四段: 欲望與社會發展的關系