議論文寫作樣例:父母對孩子的管教

第十三題

Some people think that parents should plan their children\’s leisure time carefully. Other people believe that children should decide for themselves how to spend their free time. Which idea do you agree with? Give reasons for your choise.

試題分析

壹 條件: 父母對孩子的管教/孩子的空閑時間的安排/有人認為父母應為孩子指定使用空閑時間的詳細計劃/有人認為孩子應該自己安排空閑時間

二 要求: 說明自己同意何種觀點並說明理由

三 寫作分析: 本題為家常話題,尚無定論,可選任意壹種觀點表示同意,並說明理由.也可辯證地看問題,在分析的基礎上提出自己不同的見解. 動筆前應先決定寫法,若擺脫絕對肯定與否定的方式,寫作時宜用歸納法,通過步步深入的分析,最後得出比較客觀的結論.這種寫法比較復雜, 難度較大,寫作時思維壹定要清晰,不然就會產生混亂.

Should parents plan their children\’s leisure time carefully? Or should they let their children decide for themselves how to spend their free time? before answering these two qusetions, we should first of all ask another question: do children know how to plan to spend their free time? The answer to this question is both \”yes\” and \”no\”. Our common sense tells us that some children spend their free time in a planned way while some others, especially the younger ones, just play as they like without any paln at all.

The above answer leads to three more relevant questions about those children who know how to plan their leisure time: How have they obtained the ability? Is the ability innate? Or is the ability learnt? Our observations tell us that this ability is not born but learned from others—their parents, teachers, other adults, or other children.

With these questions settled, the answer to the first two questions should be verry clear. Parents should not give their children a free hand at the beginning. INstead, they should plan their childrren\’s leisure time carefully, making sure that their children understand why they should have a plan. In this way, the children will gradually forma habit of making palns and know how to make a good plan.. Then, we can say these children know how to spend their leisure time.

When children alrady know how to spend their free time , they will not need any longer for the parents to paln for them. The most they can do is to keep an eye on their children\’s activities and give some guidance or advice when necessary. For most of the time, children should be allowed to decide for themselves. The whole process is in fact a process of training, in which instruction, demonstration and practice should be planned in a scientific way. Without plenty of practice, the whole process of learning would be a failure.

範文寫法說明:

文章采用較為復雜的辯證分析方式,肯定了兩種方法正確的壹面,指出了階段性區別,最後提出自己的觀點.本文采用歸納法寫作,以兩個問題為引題,從問題到問題,步步緊扣,最後使問題都得到答案,從而得出結論. 最後在結論的基礎上提出自己不同的見解.

第壹段: 時間計劃問題,有的孩子懂,有的不懂

第二段: 計劃能力是後天學會的

第三段: 初期應由家長幫之計劃

第四段: 後期應放手讓孩子自己計劃