议论文写作样例:课堂授课方式

第十二题

Some people learn best when a classroom lesson is presented in an entetaining and enjoyable way. Other people learn best when a lesson is presented in a serious and formal way. Which way of learning do you prefer? Give reasons to support your answer.

试题分析

一 条件: 课堂授课方式/趣味性受课与正规严肃性授课/有人上趣味性课学习效果最好/有人听正规严肃课学习效果最好.

二 要求: 说明两种方式,你喜欢哪一种,并陈述理由

三 写作分析: 趣味性是教学艺术中的一点,应当肯定.有人适应严肃性正规教学,已形成习惯,也无可非议.选择何种方式,可根据可写性决定.本题涉及一些心理学知识,若略知一二,可用在理由之中.

Some of us were brought up to think that classroom is a scared place for learning and have become used to serious atmosphere in which lessons are presented in a serious and formal way. It is normal for them to think so and to do so, but I would prefer lessons presented in an entertaining and enjoyable way. This preference of mine is a result of my own learning experiences and I ahve found out that it is psychologically explicable.

When a lesson is presented in an entertaining and enjoyable way, it does not mean that it is not serious and systematic. In fact, it is still serious because its purpose is still to import knowledge and to impart knowledge in a more effective way. And to achieve this purpose, it has to be presented in a systematic way. So the differnce between an entertaining lesson amd a serious and formal lesson is that the former has something additional, something that can make the learning process enjoyable.

According to my own experiences, an entertaining lesson is easier to remember than a dry and monotonous one. Psychologically, this is because knowledge imparted in an interesting way can leave on our minds a deep impression with more associations. Consequently, what is stored in our memory can last longer and is easier to recall. For instance, if a profound philosopgical truth is explained in detail and illustrated with an anecdote, both the truth and the anecdote will be stored in our memory. Afterwards, any information related to the philosophical problems or the anecdote can bring back this memory.

Furthermore, I have felt that an entertaining lesson can make me forget time and tiredness whereas a serious lesson can make me feel exhausted easily. Psychologically, these phenomena are explained in terms of span of mental concentration. During a serious lesson, we have to be serious and try hard to concentrate, but we can not do this for long before we are mentally tired. During an entertaining lesson, however, we get relaxed from time to time because of the well planned humour and the changing way of presentation. The result is that out span of concentration never runs out and that we can learn continuously and more effctively.

In short, I prefer entertaining and enjoyable lessons because I feel they are better because their advantages have psychological backing. But, I do not object to formal and serious lessons if some teachers are used to them. This is because it needs ability and skills to present a lesson in an entertaining way. If a teacher is not up to it, he may spoil the lesson.

范文写法说明

文章选择趣味性讲课,通篇围绕这一主题,从个人感受和心理学力两个角度说明.全文采用演绎法,首段表明观点,二至四段提出三条理由,最后一段进一步说明总的观点.

第一段: 严肃讲课没有错,当更愿意听趣味性课

第二段: 趣味性将科技严肃系统,又有趣味.

第三段: 趣味性讲课便于记忆

第四段: 趣味性讲课能减轻大脑负担,提高学习效果.

第五段: 趣味讲课需要水平,有益但不能强求