議論文寫作樣例:患不治之癥的患者

第八題

Should a person with an incurable illness spend his last days in a hospital where he or she can receive the best possible medical care? Or should this person be permitted to die at home? In a brief essay, respond to the above questions. be sure to explain which position you support.

試題分析

壹 條件: 患不治之癥的患者/在人世間的最後壹段時間/到醫院接受最好的醫療與護理/允許在家謝世

二 要求: 就上述條件與兩種處理方法發表意見,說明妳支持何種做法

三 寫作分析: 本題是世界範圍內經常爭論的話題,但至今無定論.寫作時可支持任何觀點,寫法用演繹法或歸納法.

Should a person with an incurable illness spend his last days in a hospital where he or she can receive the best possible medical care? Or should this person be permitted to die at home? These two questions are difficult to answer and may cause some heated arguments. My view is that we have to consider two different situations and make our dicisions accordingly.

The first possible situation is that the patient is still conscious and able to express himself. In this case, we should talk to him and find out his own opinion. If he wishes to stay in a hospital, we should send him there and try to get the best medical care for him no matter how much it will cost. If he wants to stay at home, we should show respect for his opinion and do our best at home for him no matter how troublesome it may be. The rationale of this view is that the best we can do for a dying person is to satisfy his last wishes except when he wants anthanasia in a country in which it is still illegal.

The other possible situation is that the patient is no longer able to express himself. In this case, it is better to let him stay at home and spend his last days with his relatives. This view is based on the following considerations. This first is that since the patient is going to die anyway, it is beter for him to die at home instead of a place where his relatives are not allowed to stay with him all the time. The second is that it would be a waste of money, time, and energy to hospitalize the patient. The third is that what a hospital can do for a dying person can only bring more suffering to him. For instance, operations or intravenous drips are useless and painful and fist aids applied to him can only make him live longer to sufferr more. The best thing a hospital can do is to reduce his pains in his last days, but this can also be done at home.

In short, my view is that when the questions are considered objectively, the answer is clear: it is better for him, for his relatives, and for society if the patient stays and dies at home. However, as human beings, we cannot discuss a patient without emotional considerations. To fully underrstand this position, we can just iamgine how we would feel if one of our relaties were suffering from an incurable illness.

範文寫作分析

對於這個涉及到復雜而又微妙的感情之事,作者避免了簡單的表態方式.文章采用演繹法,在第壹段擺明自己的觀點,然後詳細說明,最後再進壹步說明,處理感情方面的考慮.

第壹段 敘述條件,擺明觀點

第二段 病人清醒情況下的做法

第三段 病人無法表達意願時的做法

第四段 強調自己觀點的合理性