議論文寫作樣例:要小孩的利弊

第六題

More than everr before, married couples today are choosing not to have children. These couples say that children bring more misery than joy. Do you believe that the advantages of having children overrweigh the disadvantages? Or do you think that married couple have a better life without children? In a brief essay, discuss bith positions and explain which position you support.

試題分析

壹,條件: 現在的情況/與過去相比/已婚夫婦不願要孩子/理由是孩子帶來的煩惱多於快樂

二 要求: 回答兩個問題:有小孩的利是否大於弊? 不生小孩的夫婦生活是否更好壹些?

三 寫作分析: 本題是熟題,但有的考生可能因為本人經歷而尚未考慮過此事,需要臨時構思.本片用演繹法和歸納法都可以,下筆前應先確定.文章的主題是利弊分析,應當言之有理,條理清楚.自己的觀點由自己決定,對文章好壞影響不大.

One of the greatest changes in family life nowadays is that many couples decide not to have any children because they think that children bring more misery thanjoy. To my mind, these couples are not only short-sighted but also selfish.

It is an undeniable fact that a married couple wothout children have more opportunities to get jobs, enjoy the freedom from the troubles and worries caused by children, and can spend all the miney they earn for their own pleasure and comforts, but they should not forget that there are also three outweighing advantages in having children. Firstly, children can bring a great deal of joy to a couple, especially after the honey moon ot the first happy years. Secondly, children may bring some cohesive force to a family. This is because family conflicts are unavoidable and can snowball, leading to broken marriages. With a child or children in a family, the two sides of the conflicts can easily reach a compromise or mutual understanding unless there is something really serious.Thirdly, a couple without children will be helpless when they are too old to help themselves. They can ask others for help, but\”Blood is thicker than water\”; they can never enjoy the reliable and timely help from their offsprings. In short, from a long point of view, the advantages of having children overweigh those of having no children.

From a social point of view, those who choose to be childless are selfish and irresponsible. Human society needs to carry on and its members should give birth to babies, bring them up, and educate them according to the requirements of society. If everybody escapes from these responsibilities out of selfish considerations, there will be no huamn beings on the planet of earth. This view of mine, however, does not mean that we should have as many children as possible. If we are responsble members of the huamn society, we should also limit the number of our children according to the socail requirements.

範文寫法說明

文章采用演繹法,在第壹段就表達了作者觀點,形成主題句.主題句起統領下文的作用,決定了下文的內容與寫法.因此,第二段在肯定優點的同時指出了生小孩的三個優點,並逐壹說明.第三段圍繞第壹段的主題句,從社會角度說明不要孩子是自私和部負責任的表現.文章最後說明作者贊同要小孩,但主張對孩子的數量進行控制. 這樣寫,觀點容易被接受.