議論文寫作樣例:孩子的成長

第七題

Some people believe that growing up in a large family, with several sisters and brothers, offers more advantages than disadvantages. Other people think that being an only child is more advantageous. Write a short essay in which you discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each position. Explain which position you support.

試題分析

壹:條件 孩子的成長/有人認為在兄弟姐妹較多的家庭中成長利多於弊/有人認為獨生子女更有利.

二:要求 討論兩種情況的利弊,說明妳支持何種觀點

三:寫作分析本題是目前很多人關心和討論的問題,人人有話可說.寫作時對兩種情況的利弊應認真分析,各列出幾點.支持何種觀點可任意選擇.子女眾多的大家庭是傳統家庭模式,但發展趨勢是家庭越來越小.

Many people who are concerned with the number of children a family should have are discussing the advantages and disadvantages from the point of view of children. Some believe that growing up in a large family, with several sisters and brothers offers more advantages than disadvantages while others think that being an only child is more advantageous.This is an interesting topic worth discussing.

In a big family, children live, play,and study together. Consequently, they never feel lonely and their life is usually full of joy, which helps to develop a normal personality. Children in a big family can also help each other and thus reduce burdens on the parents and develop a sense of fraternity. Besides, the life in a family with parents and several children resembles the life in society. The leadership, the share and give, and the mutual help and understanding existing in a big family can better prepare the children for their future life when they are members of society. One disadvantage of growing up in a big family is that no child can get all the love and carre of the parents. Another disadvantage is that disagreements and conflicts may result from different characters, likes and dislikes, and uneven distribution of love and care. The third is that children in a big family may live a poorer life if the parents are not so well-off. Lastly, it is possible for the eldest child to develop a domineering personality and for the youngest to be overindulged.

In comparison with the life in a big family, the life of being an only child has four obvious advantages. Firstly, the child enjoys the priviledge of being the center of attention and can get all the love and care of the parents. Secondly, the parents are usually able to satisfy all the material needs of the child. Thirdly, the child is completely free from the possible conflicts often found in a big family. Lastly,because of lack of mutual help and because the parents can not be with the child all the time, the child is likely to develop an independent character that will enable him or her to succeed more easily in society. However, the disadvantages of being an only child are also obvious. The lack of playamtes at home and the possible overindulgence because of being the only child may lead to an eccentric character that will make it difficult for him or her to get along with others when he or she grows up.

Considering the advantages and disadvantages of the two situations, I find it difficult to support either of the positions. It seems to me that it is better for a couple to have two children because this solution can presever most of the advantages and avoid most of the disadvantages found in the two situations discussed above.

範文寫作分析:

文章采用歸納法,先分析,後得出結論.全文語義分三大段,條件敘述,分析兩種情況的利弊,自己的觀點.全文將兩種情況分別討論,形成四個自然段

第壹段: 敘述條件,引出話題

第二段: 大家庭的利弊

第三段: 獨生子女成長的利弊

第四段: 自己的觀點(折衷態度)