議論文寫作樣例:有些人以錢購物/有些人以物換物

Some paople pay money for things they want or need. Others trade products or goods for what they need. Compare the advantages of these two ways of obtaining things. Which way do you prefer? Expalin why.

試題分析:

壹, 條件: 有些人以錢購物/有些人以物換物

二, 要求: 首先比較兩種方法的優點,然後說明自己選擇何種方法,並給出理由.

三,寫作分析:本題有關經濟學,有些考生可能不太熟悉,只能利用想象力思考.寫時註意將之當作抽象問題討論,用壹般現在時. 同時註意根據題目要求只談優點,缺點在兩項的比較過程中體現.談到自己的選擇時,註意與上文的比較與分析相呼應,不要過於簡單化.

Their two basic ways in which people pay for things or services they want or need. One is to pay money; the other is to pay in kind. Each of the two ways has its advantages.

Using money as a means of exchange has three obvious advantages. The first is that it is convenient for the buyer to carry the money for a transaction. The second is that because money is a moral means of exchange, it enables both the buyer and the seller to evaluate more accurately the goods involved according to a widely accepted standard. The third advantages is that it is easier for the seller to keep the money after the transaction and it is more convenient for him to use the money for whatever he needs in the future. It is because of these advantages that money is now used worldwide and has become the most precious commodity itself.

Exchanging things, ot paying in kind, ot barter, is a normal way of transaction before money came into being and is still used widely in international trade and occasionally in daily life.This kind of payment has two discernable advantages. Firstly, the two sides involed in a transaction can make use of what they have to get what they need. For instance, when a person has more meat but no bread, he can trade the surplus meat for the badly needed bread with a person who has more bread but no meat.The second advantages is that the two sides of a transaction can avoid the possible losses due to the fluctuation of the values of currencies or prices. This advantage is obvious when the buyer and the seller use different curriencies or when both the buyer and the seller have a sense of insecurity because of the unstable prices.

As for me, I normally prefer to pay money for what I need because money is the only form of payment used by others to pay me. But I do not object to trading things with others when it is necessary or when it is the best solution.

範文寫法分析

全文打壹分三段,自然段為四段.第壹段敘述條件,指出各有優點.最後壹句是主題句,表明下文的中心大意是分析兩種方法的優點.第二,三自然段的大意被主題句限定之後,不能隨意改動,所以分別列出了幾條優點.第四自然段的觀點建立在分析的基礎上,也受自己實際情況的限制.壹般應說明以錢幣購物的方式較適合,但不排斥有時也可以物易物.