議論文寫作樣例:體力型娛樂活動與腦力型活動相比較

There are people who argue that physical recreation is more important than intellectual activities. There are others who believe the opposite. Which do you think is more valuable to someone of your age?

試題分析

壹. 條件:體力型娛樂活動與腦力型活動相比較/有人認為前者更重要/有人認為後者更重要.

二. 要求:兩種觀點選其壹,談對妳這種年紀的人哪種活動更有價值.

三. 寫作分析: 該題為熟題,凡學生都有體會和見解.為寫作方便,兩種活動都應理解為工作,學習之余的娛樂活動. 觀點可自定,但必須能自圓其說.體力與腦力之間的關系不能孤立地談, 應考慮年齡,職業,身體狀況,精神狀態等因素. 因此,文章應采取辯證的觀點,重在分析. 若用演繹法,應先表明觀點,然後逐條說明理由;若用歸納法,則應先分析利弊,最後得出結論.

Though physical recreation and intellectual activities are two basic ways in which people spend their leisure time, the former is more important for people of my generation, who are in their twenties and who are still studying ahrd for more academic achievements. This view is based on a consideration of our age, our main occupation, and the characteristics of the two forms of recreation.

We young people are full of energy and physically active, but we have to sit for hours a day racking our brains. What we need to complement this way of life is something that can make up the lack of physical exercise and at the same time divert our attention for a while from our academic work. Intellecture activities such as chess games, reading novels, and listening to misic can help us escape from our worries and make us forget our study for a moment, but they involve no physical activities and, what\’s more, they are more or less still a form of mental activities. For instance, we may feel mentally tired afterr some games of chess and our study will be affected. In contrast, physical recreation can provide us with a lot of physical exercises and true mental relaxation. A ballgame, for example, can build up our muscles, flex our joints, speed up our blood circulation, and enhance our bodily organs. After the game, we may feel physically exhausted, but we can sit down and get absorbed in our study more easily.

The above view, however, does not mean that one form is \”meat\” and the other is \”poison\”. Occasionally, when we are physically exhausted or when we are in good mood, a game of chess or an interesting TV program can make us feel much better afterwards.

範文寫法說明:

采用演繹法,現表明自己的觀點,後說明理由. 文章用簡單的三段式方式,只有三個自然段,如下:

(1)總的觀點與理由

(2)具體說明

(3)指出例外情況,使分析嚴密