議論文寫作樣例:擇友問題

第十五題

Some people choose friends who are different from themselves. Others choose friends who are similar to themselves. Compare the advantages of having friends who are different form you with the advantages of having friends who are similar to you. Which kind of friend do you prefer for yourself? Why?

試題分析:

壹 條件: 擇友問題/有人選擇與自己不同者為友/有人選擇與己相似者為友

二 要求: 比較兩種交友方式的優點,說明妳選擇何種類型的朋友並說明理由

三 寫作分析: 本題為日常話題,不愁無話可談,只愁細談不易.題目要求比較優點,寫時應以優點為主,不利的壹方面也可適當提及.根據題目要求,文章應分兩部分,壹部分談兩種交友方式的優點,另壹部分談自己的做法與理由.具體自然段可靈活掌握.

People choose friends in differrent ways. Some people like to choose those who are different from themselves while others prefer those who are similar to themselves. Each of the two ways has its own advantages.

When people have friends similar to themselves, they and their friends chat, play, and do thing together natually and harmoniously. The result is that they all can feel relaxed and can trully enjoy each other\’s company. For instance, if an active and energetic guy proposes to his equally active and energetic friends that they should have some activities, it is more likely that his will agree at once. In this case, the guy who makes the proposal dose not have to consider carefully before he does it and his friends do not feel obliged to agree. Everybody is at ease and everybody can have a good time.

When a guy has friends different from him, the advantage he has is that he can mix with different people and benefit from the contacts with them. His friends may be different from him in character, education, occupation, social status, or political and religious beliefs. To make friends with them, he has to chat, play,or do things together with them. In the process of doing these, he can learn a lot of things that he has never experienced himself and he can also enjoy being with them if he knows them well.

However, each of the two ways of amking friends has its disadvantages. When a guy mixes with only people similar to himself, his social circle is small and he may miss a lot without realizing it. On the other hand, if a person amkes friends with peiple different ffrom himself, he has to be on the alert all the time and he has to be skillful in dealing with all kinds of people.

Comparing the advantages and disadvantages of the two ways, I think that it would be better for me to have a mixed number of friends—some who are similar to me and some who are different from me. In this way, I can have the best of both worlds. For instance, when I want to relax or when I am too tired to be careful about my speech and manner, I can stay with those friends who are like me. But, when I feel like it, it is also possible for me to stay with those who are diferrent from me and learn something new.

範文寫法說明:

文章的觀點是兩類朋友都要交,此觀點不再開頭,而在結尾.具體手法是先分後合,用兩段分別談兩種方法的優點,再用壹段對兩種方法的優缺點進行比較,最後在比較的基礎上,談個人做法.

第壹段: 有題目引出文章第壹部分觀點:各有優點

第二段: 交與己相似的朋友的優點

第三段: 擇與己不同者為友的優點

第四段: 兩種交友方式的缺點

第五段: 自己的做法與理由