托福#:科技能否提高生活品質?(2)

Dec 15, 2001

Prompt: Supporters of technology say that it solves problems and makes life better. Opponents argue that technology creates new problems that may threaten or damage the quality of life. Using one or two examples, discuss these two positions. Which view do you support? Why?

Score: 6 pts.

There are several viewpoints on the implications of technological change and advancement and such schools of thought which considerably vary have their respective validity. Technological change has its advantages and disadvantages. For one, it is true that it partly solves problems and makes life better. At the same time, technological changes may likely create new problems thereby threatening or damaging quality of life.

In the developing economies, for instance, technological advantages have both its merits and demerits. The introduction and seeming acceptablility and usefulness of computers have somehow helped increase the efficiency of several firms. It is not only in the industrial sector that technological change proven to be very effective. In the agricultural sector, for example, the introduction of new technologies in increasing production has been very effective in expanding agricultural produce. These are just a few examples to illustrate the advantages of technological advancement.

On the other hand, countries should be more careful on their choice of technology since it must be noted that while certain types of technology are adaptable to developed economies the same type of technology may not fit the environment of developing countries due to differing economic, social, cultural, and political factors. For example, infrastructure improvements such as a construction of irrigation dam in the mountain of the Philippines where several natives reside may likely be resisted by the population due to cultural factors. They may prefer not to have such improvements in view of traditional values. Another example is the pollution impact of some technological improvements praticularly in the industrial sectors.

The choice and adaptability of new technology should therefore be carefully studied. The short, medium, and long term impact of such technology is very important particulary for developing economies. The benefits should always be greater than the costs.

I am inclined to support both positions because both views have their own validity. However, I am more convinced that technological advancement is really beneficial to countries so long as they are aware of the disadvantages of such technology.

Score 4

The need for technology has been with man for a long time. Because of limited physical strength but the need to move around, man has been creating tools to help him to do so easier. For example the problem of tranportation has always been a major obstacle. The new technolgy has helped people to go to more places at a much more faster pace. People can send and receive food from places much farther than they used to be able to do . Also new technolgy has been a great help in keeping people healthier, and helping them live longer. On the other hand, the new technology brought pollution which is very harmfull to people. Also the new technology has brought more destructive power to man. The threat of nuclear war is very scarry. I think technology has created new problems for man, and these are problems with a very far away solutions.

I agree with the opponents of technology say that technology creates new problems that may threaten or damage the quality of life. The most serious problem is the pollution. Toxic wastes are being dumped into rivers, lakes and even our atmosphere. Fishes and other marine life cannot survive in polluted rivers and oceans. Also, toxic gases are being produced by cars, factories and planes. This is the main source which causes the acid rain. Acid rain has done a great damage to the forest that the quantity of trees are reducing day by day. The ozone layer–a protective layer that surrounding us in the atmposphere is carring away by wasted chemicals. That means we are lossing our protective layer and letting ultro-violet to pass through. And for us, we are breathing in a lot of polluted air which may make us ill or sometimes may cause death.

Technology may solve a lot of problems but the point is the result of technology gives us disavantages more than avantages. So I am on the side of the opponents.

Score of 3:

In my own points of view, I support technology can solve problems and makes life better. Such as development of computer. Computer helps human solves thousands of problems. especaclly, science. A lot of calculation was so complex. It is impossible count them from normal method. it should use a very fast computer in order to compute it. Super conductor, one of the hot technology topic. A lot of scientists study this kind of stuff. It is a very important stuff. If we can use it in normal way. That is wonderful. We can easily solve the big problem, \”energy\”. Because super conductor has a special mental. It can pass through the energy without lossing. It is a hi-technology\’s symbol.

But technology also created a lot of problem. Such as industry unless thing. Human feel dizzy from them. A lot of vehicles running on the road. Creating much CO2. Affent the earth\’s nature condistion. Recently. The weather was so bad. Because of the CO2. CO2 blocks the sun light. So the weather was inconsiderable.

Finally, I support technology. Because it is more benefit.