Liuxers Mozambique

Mozambique is located on the eastern coast of Africa, bordered by Tanzania to the north, Malawi and Zambia to the northwest, Zimbabwe to the west, South Africa and Eswatini to the southwest, and the Indian Ocean to the east. The geographic coordinates of Mozambique are approximately 18.6657° S latitude and 35.5296° E longitude.

Geography

Mozambique’s geography is characterized by a diverse range of ecosystems, including coastline, savannas, forests, and mountains.

Climate

The climate varies from tropical along the coast to temperate in the interior. Mozambique experiences a wet season from November to April and a dry season from May to October, with temperatures ranging from hot and humid along the coast to cooler in the highlands.

Fauna

Mozambique is home to a rich variety of wildlife, including elephants, lions, hippos, and a diverse array of bird species. The country’s national parks and reserves, such as Gorongosa National Park and Niassa Reserve, offer opportunities for safari adventures and wildlife conservation.

Longest Rivers

The Zambezi River is Mozambique’s longest river, flowing through the western part of the country and forming the border with Zimbabwe. Other significant rivers include the Limpopo, Save, and Ruvuma rivers, which play important roles in the country’s agriculture and transportation.

Highest Mountains

Mount Binga, located in the Chimanimani Mountains along the border with Zimbabwe, is the highest peak in Mozambique, standing at 2,436 meters above sea level. Other notable mountains include Mount Namuli and Mount Mabu, which offer breathtaking views and opportunities for trekking and exploration.

History

Mozambique’s history is marked by a rich tapestry of indigenous cultures, colonialism, and struggles for independence.

Prehistory

The earliest evidence of human habitation in Mozambique dates back to the Stone Age, with archaeological sites revealing traces of hunter-gatherer societies and early settlements along the coast and inland regions.

Colonial Period

Mozambique was colonized by the Portuguese in the 16th century, becoming a key hub in the transatlantic slave trade. The colonial era saw the exploitation of natural resources and forced labor, leading to widespread poverty and social unrest among the indigenous population.

Struggle for Independence

The mid-20th century witnessed the rise of nationalist movements seeking to end Portuguese colonial rule. The Mozambican War of Independence, led by the Front for the Liberation of Mozambique (FRELIMO), culminated in the country’s independence in 1975.

Post-Independence

Following independence, Mozambique experienced a period of civil war and economic turmoil, exacerbated by droughts, floods, and political instability. The signing of the Rome General Peace Accords in 1992 paved the way for peace and reconciliation, leading to a period of reconstruction and development.

Demographics

Mozambique is a culturally diverse country with a population of approximately 32 million people.

Ethnic Composition

The population is ethnically heterogeneous, with indigenous African groups such as the Makhuwa, Tsonga, and Shona comprising the majority. There are also significant populations of Portuguese, Indian, and Chinese descent, reflecting Mozambique’s colonial history and diverse cultural heritage.

Religion

The majority of Mozambicans adhere to Christianity, with Catholicism and Protestantism being the dominant denominations. Islam is also practiced by a significant minority, particularly along the northern coast and in urban centers.

Language

The official language of Mozambique is Portuguese, inherited from the country’s colonial past. However, numerous indigenous languages are spoken across the country, including Makhuwa, Tsonga, and Sena, among others.

Economy

Mozambique’s economy is primarily based on agriculture, mining, and natural gas. The country is rich in natural resources, including coal, titanium, and gemstones, and has significant potential for economic growth and development.

Administrative Divisions

Mozambique is divided into 10 provinces and one capital city, each with its own local government and administrative structure. The largest provinces by population include Maputo, Nampula, and Zambezia.

List of Administrative Divisions:

  1. Maputo – Population: 3.9 million
  2. Nampula – Population: 6.1 million
  3. Zambezia – Population: 5.1 million
  4. Tete – Population: 2.6 million
  5. Sofala – Population: 2.2 million

10 Largest Cities by Population

Mozambique’s largest cities by population include Maputo, Beira, and Nampula. These urban centers serve as economic, cultural, and administrative hubs, playing a central role in the country’s development and growth.

  1. Maputo – Population: 1.1 million
  2. Beira – Population: 500,000
  3. Nampula – Population: 750,000
  4. Matola – Population: 450,000
  5. Quelimane – Population: 350,000

Education Systems

Mozambique offers free and compulsory education for children aged 6 to 12, encompassing primary education. Secondary education is also provided, but access is limited in rural areas. Higher education is offered through universities and technical colleges, with Eduardo Mondlane University being the largest and most prestigious institution.

Top Universities:

  1. Eduardo Mondlane University
  2. Universidade Católica de Moçambique
  3. Universidade Pedagógica
  4. Transportation

Mozambique has a developing transportation infrastructure that includes airports, railways, highways, and ports, facilitating domestic and international travel and trade.

Airports

Mozambique has several international airports, with Maputo International Airport and Beira International Airport being the largest and busiest.

Railways

Mozambique has a total railway length of approximately 3,000 kilometers, with connections to neighboring countries such as Zimbabwe, Zambia, and Malawi.

Highways

Mozambique has an extensive network of highways totaling approximately 30,000 kilometers, including the EN1 and EN6 highways, which connect major cities and regions.

Ports

The Port of Maputo is the largest seaport in Mozambique, serving as a key transportation hub for maritime trade and commerce.

Country Facts

  • Population: 32 million
  • Capital: Maputo
  • Language: Portuguese
  • Religion: Christianity, Islam
  • Race: Multicultural
  • Currency: Mozambican Metical (MZN)
  • ISO Country Codes: MZ, MOZ
  • International Calling Code: +258
  • Top-Level Domain: .mz